Cambodia welcomes the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s repatriation of statues looted over decades of turmoil

Cambodia welcomes the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s repatriation of statues looted over decades of turmoil
  • PublishedJuly 8, 2024

The return to Cambodia this week of 14 sculptures looted from the country during a period of war and unrest is like welcoming home the souls of ancestors, Cambodia’s culture minister says. 

The items repatriated from New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art arrived on Wednesday and were displayed to journalists and VIPs on Thursday at the National Museum in the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh.

They “were made between the 9th and 14th centuries in the Angkorian period and reflect the Hindu and Buddhist religious systems prevailing at that time”, the museum said in a statement this week.

A statement from Cambodia’s Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts said the “historic homecoming of national treasures” followed several years of negotiations between Cambodia’s art restitution team, US federal prosecutors in New York, investigators from the US Department of Homeland Security and the Metropolitan Museum.

Cambodia organised a welcome ceremony to celebrate the return of the artefacts. 

People surrounding a Buddhist statue.
Cambodia’s cultural minister says Cambodia hopes to receive another 50 artefacts from the US soon.(AP: Heng Sinith)

Cambodian Culture Minister Phoeurng Sackona said their return was very important for the Cambodian people for recalling the heritage of their ancestors through good times and bad.

“The pieces were staying a long, long time abroad, but today they returned to Cambodia, like a blessing for our people for peace, stability in our country now,” she said.

To Cambodians, the returned artworks carry with them the souls of their ancestors, she said. 

Bringing back the souls of ancestors also includes bringing history, admiration and knowledge, Phoeurng Sackona said.

She said without elaborating that Cambodia hoped to receive very soon another 50 artefacts from the US.

Cambodia says that other items illegally trafficked from the country are still at the Metropolitan, as well as at other museums and in the hands of private collectors.

“These returns contribute to the reconciliation and healing of the Cambodian people, who endured decades of civil war and suffered tremendously from the tragedy of the Khmer Rouge regime,” Phoeurng Sackona said.

“They also demonstrate the truly positive partnership we have developed with the United States.”

People surrounding statues.
Cambodia organised a welcome ceremony for the returned artefacts.   

For the art world, their return is the fruit of a reckoning in recent years over art and archaeological treasures taken from their homelands. 

These include not only ancient Asian artworks, but also pieces lost or stolen in turmoil in other places, such as Syria, Iraq and Nazi-occupied Europe.

The pieces returned to Cambodia from the Met were looted during a long period of civil war and instability in Cambodia, which was ruled by the brutal communist Khmer Rouge regime in the 1970s.

They were bought and trafficked by well-known art dealer Douglas Latchford, who was indicted in 2019 for allegedly orchestrating a multi-year scheme to sell looted Cambodian antiquities on the international art market.

Latchford, who died the following year, had denied any involvement in smuggling.

Buddha statues.
The artefacts were trafficked by well-known art dealer Douglas Latchford.(AP: Heng Sinith )

Cambodia’s culture ministry highlighted two works among those returned that are expected to be restored by reuniting them with other parts already in their possession.

The repatriation includes the “extraordinary” stone sculpture from the 10th century of the female goddess Uma from the ancient royal capital of Koh Ker, it said, adding that the sculpture’s foot had already been retrieved from its original site.

“At last, the Uma can be reunified to achieve its full magnificence as one complete statue,” it said.

“Moreover, a significant returned artefact is a 10th-century bronze head of the deity Avalokiteshvara, which the ministry highly anticipates finally being reunited with its matching torso, currently on display at the National Museum of Cambodia.”


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